Abbott

/ˈæbət/ (say 'abuht)

noun
1. Edward, 1766–1832, Australian soldier and administrator, born in Canada; deputy judge advocate of Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) 1814–24.
2. Tony (Anthony John Abbott), born 1957 in England, Australian federal Liberal politician; became prime minister in 2013.
Tony Abbott was born in London. His family returned to Australia in 1960 and settled in Sydney. He graduated in economics and law and while at university was a leading member of the Young Liberals. He later trained as a Roman Catholic seminarian but left before completion to take up a career in journalism, then becoming a political adviser. In 1992 he was appointed director of Australians for a Constitutional Monarchy, holding this position until 1994 when he was elected to the House of Representatives as the Liberal member for Warringah at a by-election. During the Howard government he held the portfolios of employment, workplace relations and small business (1998–2003) and health and ageing (2003–07). After the defeat of the Liberal government in 2007 he held several shadow portfolios until, in 2009, he resigned from the front bench in protest at the support of Liberal opposition leader, Malcolm Turnbull, for the Rudd Labor government’s emissions trading scheme. At a subsequent leadership ballot in that year, Abbott became leader of the Liberal party and opposition leader.
Abbott retained the Liberal leadership after narrowly losing the 2010 election which resulted in a hung parliament and the formation of a minority government by Labor prime minister Julia Gillard. Having run a strong campaign in criticism of the government, Abbott led his party to victory in the 2013 federal election, with a platform that focused on good economic management, the repeal of the carbon price that had been introduced by the Gillard government and the tightening of controls to prevent the arrival by sea of asylum seekers.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abbott — may refer to:Places in the United States* Abbott, Arkansas * Abbott, California * Abbott, Iowa * Abbott, Mississippi * Abbott, Nebraska * Abbott, New Mexico * Abbott, Texas * Abbott, Virginia * Abbott, West Virginia * Abbott Township,… …   Wikipedia

  • Abbott — steht für: Abbott (Familienname) Abbott Laboratories, ein US amerikanisches Pharmaunternehmen (17023) Abbott, ein Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Abbott ist der Name folgender Orte: Abbott (Buenos Aires), Ort in der Provinz Buenos Aires, Argentinien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABBOTT (B.) — Berenice ABBOTT 1898 1991 Certaines figures de l’histoire de l’art occupent des places singulières car elles ne se sont pas accomplies dans le domaine précis de la création artistique qui fut leur première passion. C’est le cas de l’Américaine… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abbott — Abbott, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 300 Housing Units (2000): 144 Land area (2000): 0.579163 sq. miles (1.500025 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.579163 sq. miles (1.500025 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Abbott, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 300 Housing Units (2000): 144 Land area (2000): 0.579163 sq. miles (1.500025 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.579163 sq. miles (1.500025 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Abbott — Abbott, 1) John Stevens Cabot, geb. 1805 zu Brunswick im Staate Maine, studirte Theologie zu Andover, war 15 Jahre Prediger in Worcester, Roxburg u. Nantucket (in Massachusetts), legte dann das Predigeramt nieder u. widmete sich in Brunswick.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abbott — Abbott, Jakob, amerikan. Jugendschriftsteller, geb. 14. Nov. 1803 in Hallowell (Maine), gest. 31. Okt. 1879 in Farmington, war Lehrer und Geistlicher und veröffentlichte an 200 Bände Jugendschriften, unter ihnen die vielverbreiteten »Rollo Books« …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Abbott — Le nom désigne en anglais un abbé (voir Abad, Abat pour l explication). Variantes : Abbot, Abbatt, Abbett …   Noms de famille

  • Abbott — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Étymologie 2 Patronyme 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abbott — /ab euht/, n. 1. Berenice, 1898 1991, U.S. photographer. 2. Edith, 1876 1957, and her sister Grace, 1878 1939, U.S. social reformers. 3. Edville Gerhardt /ed vil gair hahrt/, 1871 1938, U.S. orthopedist. 4. George, born 1887, U.S. playwright,… …   Universalium

  • Abbott — (as used in expressions) Abbott, Berenice Abbott, Bud y Costello, Lou William Alexander Abbott Abbott, Grace Abbott, Lyman Abbott Hoffman Whistler, James (Abbott) McNeill …   Enciclopedia Universal

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